In this case we are talking about using posture as a mean to express a dominant attitude (or submission). A dominant position is a high position; head is tilted, the back is straight. The body is trying fill up as much space as possible.
On the contrary, a submission position means to become smaller, head down, trying to occupy less space. In the animal world, through such postures social hierarchies are established. As we see in dog packs; there are alpha males and dogs with „tail between legs”, situated lower in the hierarchy.
Photo 4 – – Taking an educated guess, who is the boss and who is the employee?
Tensioned posture is marked by a general rigidity. Is the feeling that someone is stiffed, strained. Muscles are tensed, the person has something of a robot. Relaxed posture is like that; arms and legs are in asymmetrical positions, torso can be leaned lateral, hands are relaxed.
Photo 5 -The guy in the left is quite relaxed, but look at the lady in the right! Seems pretty stiff, right?
We evaluate this dimension while we are communicationg interpersonal. Postures expressing attraction are marked by a general orientation of the body towards the person we are liking. Feets are particulary siginificant in this equation. When we like someone, we have the tendency to point one or both feets toward the person. The body is slightly bent towards the other, in order to reduce distance.
Dislike is expressed, in turn, by trying not to expose directly your body towards the other, to avoid contact face to face, to stay as far as possible from the object of your aversion. So the expression „turned his back on me” is non just metaphor. Sometimes, it really happens like that.
Certainly, when we try to analyze a posture, we can observe one or serveral dimension mentioned before; there are observational plans who intersect without exclusion. We still have to wait till this multiple angles of approach will be integrated integrated into a theory of posture as nonverbal communication form.
Photo 6 – My posture says I am so cute!